CR definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

CR definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary
Adriano Casanova

The action you just performed triggered the security solution. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. In double-entry accounting, CR is a notation for “credit” and DR is a notation for debit. Credit is a term used to mean “what is owed,” and debit is “what is due.” Understanding how to use CR and DR will help you make sense of a company’s balance sheet and gain useful insight into the increases and decreases of key accounts. The terms debit and credit signify actual accounting functions, both of which cause increases and decreases in accounts, depending on the type of account.

  • When Client A pays the invoice to Company XYZ, the accountant records the amount as a credit (CR) in the accounts receivables section, showing a decrease, and a debit (DR) in the cash section, showing an increase.
  • This, therefore, includes environmental and social risks.
  • Another theory is that DR stands for “debit record” and CR stands for “credit record.” Finally, some believe the DR notation is short for “debtor” and CR is short for “creditor.”

Credit entries will increase the credit balances that are typical for liability, revenues, and stockholders’ equity accounts. A CR review will help you to identify the potential impacts of your business on society and the environment. It will enable you to rank these impacts in order of pertinence and risk. It will establish where you currently stand as far as managing these impacts. It will instigate a commitment to change and improvement which every organisation must have in order to succeed in the future. Good CR/CSR reporting should offer a true reflection of your organisations, it’s culture and values and realistically discuss the challenges as well as the opportunities in front of it.


Any information you provide, particularly performance statistics and statements should be open to scrutiny, verifiable and accurate. Corporate Social Responsibility is a management concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and interactions with their stakeholders. Due to its very nature, the only way of undertaking good CR reporting is by making it honest, genuine and with the best of intentions. A good CR report tells of the good and the not so good, acknowledgement of poor performance and a commitment to its improvement is after all part of it’s purpose. A concentration ratio (CR) is a metric used in economics to express the distribution of companies in a particular industry relative to the size of the market.

The CR meaning in Business terms is “Conversion Gate”. There are 93 related meanings of the CR Business abbreviation. In traditional double-entry accounting, debit, or DR, is entered on the left. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader.

The terms industry concentration ratio and market concentration ratio are sometimes used. Having an outside organisation review and report on your CR/CSR activities can help not only enhance the quality and veracity of your report, but may also pick up areas, themes and opportunities that have not been recognised. Because the subject is dynamic and can impact a range of different departments, fully identifying the positive (or recognising the negative) effects in context and in their entirety can be difficult. Often as a result organisations will focus on a fewer, more “high profile” or “pet”  CR/CSR initiatives which are then fanfared at the expense and possible detriment or oversight of others.

This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

Understanding Debit (DR) and Credit (CR)

While CR/CSR was initially a voluntary commitment made by organisations, legislation has seen greater emphasis placed on more explicit reporting of a range of measures around environmental and social plans, performance and actions. Assurity Consulting Ltd is the UK’s leading independent workplace health, safety and environmental compliance consultancy. Our consultants support organisations across the UK with risk assessments, help, advice and training loan principal and interest how to pay it off quickly on workplace health & safety, environmental compliance and ISO 14001. Assurity Consulting is the UK’s leading independent compliance consultancy specialising in workplace health, safety and environmental solutions. A debit reflects money coming into a business’s account, which is why it is a positive. The term debit comes from the word debitum, meaning “what is due,” and credit comes from creditum, defined as “something entrusted to another or a loan.”

List of business and finance abbreviations

Another theory is that DR stands for “debit record” and CR stands for “credit record.” Finally, some believe the DR notation is short for “debtor” and CR is short for “creditor.” When you increase assets, the change in the account is a debit, because something must be due for that increase (the price of the asset). Conversely, an increase in liabilities is a credit because it signifies an amount that someone else has loaned to you and which you used to purchase something (the cause of the corresponding debit in the assets account). There are a few theories on the origin of the abbreviations used for debit (DR) and credit (CR) in accounting. To explain these theories, here is a brief introduction to the use of debits and credits, and how the technique of double-entry accounting came to be.

British Dictionary definitions for cr. (4 of

Let’s review the basics of Pacioli’s method of bookkeeping or double-entry accounting. On a balance sheet or in a ledger, assets equal liabilities plus shareholders’ equity. An increase in the value of assets is a debit to the account, and a decrease is a credit. On the flip side, an increase in liabilities or shareholders’ equity is a credit to the account, notated as “CR,” and a decrease is a debit, notated as “DR.” Using the double-entry method, bookkeepers enter each debit and credit in two places on a company’s balance sheet. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks.

When Client A pays the invoice to Company XYZ, the accountant records the amount as a credit (CR) in the accounts receivables section, showing a decrease, and a debit (DR) in the cash section, showing an increase. When it comes to the DR and CR abbreviations for debit and credit, a few theories exist. One theory asserts that the DR and CR come from the Latin present active infinitives of debitum and creditum, which are debere and credere, respectively.

Examples of Debits and Credits

This, therefore, includes environmental and social risks. Although not created under the label of CR/CSR, legislation that acts to protect the environment, human rights, employee’s working conditions etc. are all part of CR. Therefore, not only does good CR ensure compliance, it also provides the company with a head start on any new legislation in the future. For example, say Company XYZ issues an invoice to Client A. The company’s accountant records the invoice amount—$1,000—as a debit, or DR, in the accounts receivables section of the balance sheet, because that is an asset account. The company records that same amount again as a credit, or CR, in the revenue section. There are a number of ways organisations report their CR/CSR activities, although most can be split into four key themes covering Community, Workplace, Marketplace and Environment, or aspects of them.

It has though become increasingly apparent over recent years that the value of honest information is significant from a reputation as well as business perspective to both internal and external customers. Accounts payable is a type of liability account, showing money which has not yet been paid to creditors. An invoice which has not been paid will increase accounts payable as a debit. When a company pays a creditor from accounts payable, it is a credit.

Currently 10,000s of CR/CSR reports are produced each year, with output from organisations in over 150 countries ( figures). This is a list of abbreviations used in a business of financial context. I got my start in education as a teacher, working with students in grades K-12. After several years of teaching, I transitioned into the world of educational consulting. I’ve since worked with schools and districts all over the country, helping them improve their curriculums and instruction methods. The designation “CR” next to an item means it’s a credit to your account rather than a charge for which you have to pay, like a purchase you made with the card.

That’s why simply using “increase” and “decrease” to signify changes to accounts wouldn’t work. Most organisations are already doing something positive under the Corporate Responsibility/ Corporate Social Responsibility heading, but have not fully recognised it as such. Examples include charity work, good workplace health, safety and wellbeing, community programmes, environmental initiatives around net zero, waste and recycling and social value. What HR is doing may not always be visible to facilities and visa versa. By having a management review from an external consultant, you can pull all these efforts together and create a plan for sustainable improvement within your business.